What possible motive would he have had? Clum wrote of his first impression: “Of all the desolate, isolated, human habitations! Join Facebook to connect with John P Clum and others you may know. He became Tombstone’s first mayor elected under the new city charter of 1881. They tried to apply a "one-size-fits-all" strategy to deal with the "Indian problem". In 1876 Jeffords was relieved of his responsibility and on May 3 the government ordered Clum to transfer the Chiricahuas to San Carlos. He was willing. With a discrete signal, Capt. The heat was terrible. Clum's feuds with the military escalated. Let’s find out. Elizabeth was sickly and died the following summer.[9]:117[10]. H. L. Hart succeeded him. What there was in the sluggish river was brackish and warm.”. John Clum was the only man to capture Geronimo. John Clum left Alaska in 1909. Decades later, Asa Daklugie, son of Chief Juh and nephew of Geronimo, described San Carlos from the Chiricahua Apache perspective. Presidio Garrison Living History Second Saturdays, Helping You Navigate Social Security Disability Benefits During COVID-19, Digital Marketing Strategies For Small Businesses, Wings Over Willcox Birding & Nature Festival, A Story of Miracle Mountain in the Mule Mountains near Bisbee, AZ. Clum granted them three days to round up their kinsmen. He was married and had two children, but his wife divorced him, accusing him of consorting with prostitutes. According to Clum, the civil authorities in Tucson did not respond. In November 1870, he was on the Rutgers squad that lost to Princeton 6-2; it may have been the third ever game. The Tombstone Epitaph building – The Tombstone Epitaph newspaper was established in this building, constructed in 1880 at 11 S. 5th Street, as a Republican paper under the operation of John P. Clum, Thomas Sorin, and later that year, Charles Reppy. His parents were William Henry and Elizabeth van Deusen Clum of Dutch and German descent; he had five brothers and three sisters: Henry W. Clum, Jane E. Clum, Cornelia Clum, Sarah E. Clum, George A. Clum, Robert A. Clum, Cornelius N. Clum, and Alfred Clum. Three miles farther along the road a bullet tore through my coat and lead brought down my horse. Corral and was known for his opposition to the Earps.Behan was sheriff of Yavapai County from 1871 to 1873. After waiting in vain for military reinforcements to help with the move, Clum began relocating the tribe in early June. But if he did in fact capture Geronimo in 1877, why was the Bedonkohe warrior free to raid for another nine years. Clum spent several years touring the country for the Southern Pacific Railroad, giving hundreds of lectures all over the country to promote tourism and passenger-use of the railroad. [2], The office was very political, as the military commanders and civilian agents competed for control over the reservation and the money associated with the responsibility. Oct 21, 2012 - Former Indian Agent John P. Clum-Mayor of Tombstone and Publisher of the Tombstone Epitaph.The Republican Paper. That was the worst place in all the great territory stolen from the Apaches. By executive order, the President gave jurisdiction over Fort Apache Indian Reservation in the White Mountains and its impoverished twin to the south, the San Carlos Apache Indian Reservation, to the Dutch Reformed Church. Of the more than 1,000 Chiricahuas enumerated in Jeffords' infrequent censuses, only 42 men and 280 women and children accompanied Clum north. SEIZE STOLEN HORSES IN THEIR POSSESSION; RESTORE PROPERTY TO RIGHTFUL OWNERS, REMOVE RENEGADES TO SAN CARLOS AND HOLD THEM IN CONFINEMENT FOR MURDER AND ROBBERY. [7] Clum tired of the Army's constant meddling in his management of the reservation and the lack of support from the Indian Bureau, the very people who a short time previously had sought him out specifically as a man who would make a good Agent.[8]. “We have come to demand that you turn the prisoners loose. For the next two years he published editorials criticizing "the Army of Arizona and the political double-crossers in Washington". Friend of Wyatt. John Clum’s opportunity to capture or kill Geronimo came in March 1877. To do so would not only be sweet revenge. Clum was ordered to round up all the Chiricahuas and take them to San Carlos. While mayor he became lifelong friends with Wyatt Earp and became one of his greatest supporters. Clum knew that a number of Indian Agents had already come and gone. [7] His successor freed Geronimo and his men, leading to fifteen years of bloodshed and Indian wars until Geronimo was re-captured by General Miles on September 4, 1886, finally ending the Indian Wars. May 2, 2017 - Explore Rosie Posie's board "Wyatt Earp" on Pinterest. “There’s a scene in the movie Tombstone where all the women are in a house, huddled together on the night that Wyatt’s brothers Virgil and Morgan are both shot. Geronimo and 16 warriors complied. For his air of superiority, his strutting around San Carlos agency like a feudal lord surveying the lives of his peasants, behind his back they called John Clum “turkey gobbler”. It included the Chiricahua Mountains and ran south to the Mexican border. In April 1877 the Interior Department ordered Clum to remove the bands at Ojo Caliente to San Carlos as well. Two decades later it was made into a movie, "Walk … [5] His life before Tombstone is just as interesting, but that story is known only to a few. On December 14, Clum was on a stagecoach en route to Benson to catch a train for Washington, D.C., where he planned to spend Christmas with his parents and son. In his memoirs, Clum wrote that he told the renegades if they listened “with good ears” no harm would come to them. But the Earps were officers of the law and I could see no reason why an officer should wait until he was fired upon two or three times before opening up himself. Santa Cruz Farmers’ Market Has It Going On! Clum resigned as Agent for San Carlos Apache Reservation July 1, 1877. According to Clum, Geronimo and Chief Juh agreed to take their people to San Carlos. Oh, the irony! In January Virgil Earp was maimed in an assassination attempt and in March Morgan was murdered. For decades after, Clum would crow that he was the only man to ever capture Geronimo. [13] Driver Jimmie Harrington was able to outrun the attackers, but he soon had to stop to remove a lead horse that had been shot and was bleeding to death. Ohio, County Marriages, 1774-1993, Ancestry.com. He was born in upstate New York in 1851 and attended a military academy before enrolling at Rutgers College where he began a classical education: Latin, Greek, Mathematics, Natural History and Rhetoric. As a result, friends and foes were forced to live in close proximity to one another.[7]. While Clum is mostly remembered today for publishing accounts of the most famous gunfight in Old West history and its bloody aftermath, he was equally proud of another accomplishment before his Tombstone days. If anyone ever lived there permanently, no Apache knew of it. From the very beginning they quarreled with the other Apaches confined there. Hundreds of their people followed in hopeless despair. [8], After silver was discovered in Tombstone in 1877, Clum moved to Tombstone and began publication, on Saturday, May 1, 1880 of The Tombstone Epitaph. He called to Ike. [17][8], Clum described the attempted murder later. Returning to San Carlos with barely one-third of the Chiricahuas was a great personal embarrassment for the young agent. Lacking sufficient funds to continue his formal education, he dropped out of college in his second year, and, in 1871, signed up for the U.S. Army Signal Corp that had just established a weather station in Santa Fe, New Mexico. But the soldiers had not yet showed up. [8] The newspaper is still published today as a nationally distributed chronicle of the old west. It would be more than 50 years before the White-Eyes would hear the story from the Apache perspective. The brackish, warm water Daklugie referred to was just right for breeding millions of mosquitos. Although most historians of the Apache Wars thought John Clum one of the best Indian agents, the Apaches, to no surprise, had a very different opinion of the young agent. Clum read in a newspaper story that the federal War Department in Washington, D.C. was organizing a meteorological service. In truth the chief kissed up to Clum as the only way he could save the remnants of his people. Governor Pesqueira of Sonora complained bitterly about the raids, and General Crook tried to figure out how to force the relocation of the raiders to the San Carlos Reservation. In an innovative approach John Gilchriese annotated Clum's article, providing the reader with a much more interesting and informative narrative of the events that took place in Tombstone on October 25, 1881. [2] He inherited a legacy of violence and mayhem, and a military presence which showed both animosity toward the Indians and disdain for the civilian Indian Agents. Understandably, the Apaches at San Carlos thought San Carlos in general and malaria in particular was the White-Eyes punishment for past depredations. Wyatt Earp (Kurt Russell) and his brothers, Morgan (Bill Paxton) and Virgil (Sam Elliott), have left their gunslinger ways behind them to settle down and start a business in the town of Tombstone, Ariz. Fly. The water was terrible. John P. Clum, Tombstone Epitaph – 1950 Arizona Newspapers Association Hall of Fame John P. Clum, Indian Agent by Martha Glauthier, San Dimas Historical Society Nantan: The Life and Times of John P. Clum Volume 1 Claverack to Tombstone (2007) by Gary Ledoux / … In 1877, John Clum, Agent for the San Carlos Apache Reservation, became the only man to ever capture Geronimo. John Clum was born on a farm near Claverack, New York, USA. Our story begins in 1875. In December 1880, his wife Mary had a daughter Elizabeth, called Bessie, but Mary died soon after on December 18, 1880. Corruption had been so rampant at the Apache reservations in Arizona Territory that President Grant decided that only good Christians should be Indian agents. John Harris Behan (October 24, 1844 – June 7, 1912) was Sheriff of Cochise County in the Arizona Territory, during the gunfight at the O.K. Apache Days & Tombstone Nights: John Clum’s Autobiography 1877­1887, edited by Neil B. Carmony, Univ. The stagecoach was fired upon by unknown assailants. The Dutch Reformed Church was given charge of the San Carlos Reservation. G. … John P Clum (1851 – 1932) was a most interesting figure of the old West and we know quite a lot about him. They used that time to elude the cavalry and flee south. The Army disliked Clum's actions, as it prevented them from raking off part of the funds that passed through the reservation. He left his post as Indian Agent at noon on July 1, 1877, nearly three years after he had arrived. A narrative of John P. Clum's life as Apache Agent was the subject of the 1956 motion picture, "Walk the Proud Land" staring Audi Murphy. The mosquitos in turn delivered the protozoan parasite that invades red blood cells and causes the intermittent and remittent fever we know as malaria. [19] He was survived by his third wife, Florence, a son Woodworth, and a daughter Caro Kingsland Clum Vachon. Asa Daklugie, son of Chief Juh and nephew of Geronimo collaborated with Eve Ball on her brilliant book, Indeh: An Apache Odyssey. His son, Woodworth, published his biography, "Apache Agent: The Story of John P. Clum," in 1936. Eskiminzin said, “You will do it, and you will do it right now or we’ll have every Apache on the reservation on your back.” Clum led the way to the guardhouse and ordered the prisoners released. Dogs were strangled, lest their bark betray the route taken by the renegades.”. Again, according to Clum, when he ordered Geronimo to the guardhouse, the Apache did not move. They were picking us off one by one. They also ignored prior political differences and military alliances. Angie Debo, Geronimo’s biographer, says the same and with the same lack of evidence. [8] During a five-month period he traversed 8,000 miles (13,000 km) in the Alaskan territory, equipping existing post offices and establishing seven new post offices. Being the surly bastard that he was, Geronimo responded “ that if I (Clum) spoke with discretion no serious harm would be done to us.” This indicated to Clum that his trap had not been discovered. Thomas J. Jeffords, who was Indian Agent to the reservation, lost influence when Cochise died on June 8, 1874. Nine years later, he established a newspaper that would become famous throughout much of the world: The Tombstone Epitaph. He also founded the still-operating The Tombstone Epitaph on May 1, 1880. Cochise's sons Taza and Naiche agreed to the move and killed several Chircahuas, including Eskinya, Cochise's trusted ally, when he insisted they go to war. It was released in September, 1956 and received excellent reviews. They opened fire on me from both sides of the road. By this time he had resigned in a huff, having earned the wrath of both his superiors in the Department of Interior and the U.S. military for his demanding and arrogant ways. John P Clum is on Facebook. Faced with superior officers who strongly disagreed with his methods, dogged by an uncaring Indian Bureau administration and under constant harassment by the Army, Clum was frustrated. In 1898, Clum was appointed Postal Inspector for the Alaska Territory and was commissioned to establish a territorial postal service there. He helped organize the Tombstone Vigilance Committee to fight the prevailing lawlessness of the early 1880’s. It would also bring Clum the glory and monetary rewards he craved. Tucson History: The Death Of Dr. John Handy. [2][14][15][16], Clum, Wells Fargo Agent Marshall Williams, Justice of the Peace Wells Spicer, mine owner E. B. Gage, attorney Tom Fitch, Oriental Saloon owner Lou Rickabaugh, and the Earps were also threatened. "Yes, I ran away from Tombstone," said Clum. There he became a lifelong friend of Wyatt Earp. They did not give consideration to the different tribes, cultures, customs and language. The firing of Jeffords and the abolition of the reservation in southeastern Arizona drove the Chiricahuas deeper into Mexico or over to the Ojo Caliente Reservation in the New Mexico Territory. In the story line, Clum recruits an elite team of Apaches to aid the U.S. Cavalry in the Southwest but faces opposition within the white community. Clum then added, “You must go, now,” Geronimo sprang to his feet. He got to Benson the next day and then returned to Tombstone. John Clum married thirdly 24 October 1914 in New York City, New York to Florence A. The Commissioner of Indian Affairs telegraphed Clum: IF PRACTICAL, TAKE YOUR INDIAN POLICE AND ARREST RENEGADE INDIANS AT OJO CALIENTE, NEW MEXICO. And if so, why? He obtained a classical education, studying among other subjects Latin, Greek, Mathematics (including algebra), Natural History (including physiology) and Rhetoric. Here, according to Daklugie, the Apaches experienced the “shaking disease”. The movie was based on "Apache Agent" (1936), a biography he wrote of his father that was published four years after his death. John Clum. John Clum became one of those legendary characters from Tombstone's infamous past. John Clum. I kept going without him."[12]. Why? Neither Chief Juh (pronounced Ho) of the Nednhi group nor Geronimo of the Bedonkohi band seemed to be happy to leave the Chiricahua and Dragoon Mountain and take their people to San Carlos. Home Streaming & DVD New on Netflix New on Hulu New on Amazon Prime Movies In Theaters Coming Soon Showtimes & Tickets Movie Theaters Made In ... 'Tombstone Epitaph' Editor John P. Clum. Soldiers and their commanding officers sometimes brutally tortured or killed the Indians for sport. Clum encouraged them to take up the peaceful pursuits of farming and raising cattle. He advanced with 22 Apache policemen, having ordered Beauford to bring his 80 the next day. Showing some regret over his rash decision to resign his post as Agent for San Carlos, Clum wrote in 1928: Had I remained in authority at San Carlos there is not the least doubt in my mind that [Geronimo] would have been speedily brought to trail … and his career would have ended abruptly then and there. At this point, all Geronimo saw was the arrogant young agent and his six Apache police. [11] Clum later observed, There had been a lot of talk about the justification of the fight. Photo by C.S. Knowing his shackled brother-in-law was headed to San Carlos, Chief Juh rode ahead. He was a member of Rutgers' football team. John P. Clum, Tombstone Epitaph – 1950 Arizona Newspapers Association Hall of Fame John P. Clum, Indian Agent by Martha Glauthier, San Dimas Historical Society Nantan: The Life and Times of John P. Clum Volume 1 Claverack to Tombstone (2007) by Gary Ledoux / … He met the only 3 qualifications. 'Get in this, Ike, or get out!' His parents were William Henry and Elizabeth van Deusen Clum of Dutch and German descent; he had five brothers and three sisters: Henry W. Clum, Jane E. Clum, Cornelia Clum, Sarah E. Clum, George A. Clum, Robert A. Clum, Cornelius N. Clum, and Alfred Clum.[1]. Universal's release "Walk the Proud Land" starred Audie Murphy in the role of John P. Clum, Apache Indian Agent and later founder of the Tombstone Epitaph. [6], President U.S Grant established the San Carlos Reservation on December 14, 1872. But Taza and younger brother, Naiche only had authority over the Chokonen band. His description of the reservation was not complimentary. Two months later, Victorio, Loco, and 308 other Chiricahuas bolted for New Mexico, killing twelve ranchers before surrendering at Fort Wingate in early October. Best movies. Thus shackled, they were taken by wagon to San Carlos. Although Clum was on the team, he did not play in the first intercollegiate game between Rutgers and Princeton on November 6, 1869, but played in the second game in the fall of 1870. Please enable JavaScript on your browser to best view this site. On May 1, 1882, two years to the day after he started The Tombstone Epitaph, he sold it and left Tombstone. Clum died in Los Angeles in 1932 at age 80. John P. Clum, of San Bernardino, was born in Claverack, Columbia County, New York, in 1851, and his childhood and youth were passed on the banks of the historic Hudson. The Bird Cage Theatre – The theater was built in 1881 at 535 E. Allen Street. Clum was certain the hold-up was cover for an attempt to kill him, so didn't reboard the stage, but walked until he found a horse he could borrow. "[12], Clum's friendship with the Earps and loyalty to the business leadership made him a target for the outlaw Cochise County Cowboys. John Philip Clum (1851–1932)played many roles in the Southwest—soldier, newspaper publisher, mayor of Tombstone, friend of Wyatt Earp and agent at the San Carlos Apache Indian Reservation in Arizona Territory from August 1874 to July1877. What a vast amount of expense, tribulation, distress, and bloodshed would have been avoided if this arrest had been followed swiftly by prosecution, conviction and execution – thus dropping the name GERONIMO into oblivion before it had become generally notorious outside of territorial frontier limits.”. Two weeks later he was dispatched to Santa Fe, New Mexico, where he became a weather observer. It wasn’t to be, but now the story gets really interesting. But that night, about 700 Chiricahua Apaches of the Bedonkohi and Nednhi bands slipped away and headed straight for Mexico. His life before Tombstone is just as interesting, but that story is known only to a few. Once at the agency, Juh met with Eskiminzin, chief of the Aravaipa Apaches who had almost been annihilated by a Tucson mob in April, 1871. San Carlos Guardhouse and Apache Policemen. Rip sprang forward and snatched the knife from Geronimo’s belt, while the muzzles of a half-dozen needle guns … pressed toward him – their locks clicking almost in unison as their hammers were drawn back.”. Feeble and disabled horses were killed. Following the great silver strike in Tombstone, in 1877, Clum moved to Tombstone and began publication, on Saturday, May 1, 1880 of the The Tombstone Epitaph. Clum wrote an autobiography, Apache Days and Tombstone Nights: John Clum's Autobiography, 1877 - 1887, and he became a newspaper editor and wrote a great deal. Was it Clum’s successor, H.L. Clum hid 100 of his Apache police in the commissary building at Ojo Caliente and on April 21, 1877, they surprised Geronimo, seizing his rifle and throwing him in shackles. In September 1872, Cochise negotiated a reservation for his people from the Dragoon Mountains on the west to the Peloncillo Mountains on the east. He later served in various postal service positions across the United States. Clum had been informed that Geronimo was camped near Ojo Caliente with about 100 well-armed warriors. John Clum was born on a farm near Claverack, New York, USA. On February 26, 1874, under these difficult conditions, Clum accepted a commission as Indian Agent for the San Carlos Apache Indian Reservation in the Arizona Territory. He also attended religious services at the Dutch Reformed Church. While Geronimo and the six others were shackled in the guardhouse, Chiefs Juh and Eskiminzin confronted Clum at his headquarters. Where there is no grass there is no game. Victorio and the Chihenne Chiricahuas acquiesced at first. The Nednhi Chirica led by Juh also requested transfer. Asa Daklugie, son of Chief Juh and nephew of Geronimo. Tucson Botanical Gardens, 2150 N Alvernon Way, Tucson, 85712, The Mini Time Machine Museum of Miniatures. A masked man comes in the front door and opens up, missing all the ladies but raising havoc. During Clum's tenure at San Carlos, he treated the Apaches as friends, established the first Indian Tribal Police and a Tribal Court, forming a system of Indian self-rule. Indeed, San Carlos was given to the Apaches because the U.S. government knew that no White man would ever want it. Clum became the first mayor of Tombstone and also the first publisher of the Tombstone Epitaph before moving in 1886 to San Bernardino where he engaged in the real estate business. Whit Bissell (John P. Clum) appeared in that series famous episode The Trouble With Tribbles. John Philip Clum (September 1, 1851 - May 2, 1932) was an Indian agent for the San Carlos Apache Indian Reservation in the Arizona Territory. Geronimo and 6 of his warriors were led to the guardhouse where they were fitted with ankle-irons. Clum called him “Skimmy” and thought Eskiminzin was a loyal follower. Moreover, he made improvements to San Carlos for the benefit of his wards. In September, 1870, he enrolled at Rutgers College. and Ike got out. United States Federal Census Records, Ancestry.com. See more ideas about wyatt earp, earp, old west. I decided to settle elsewhere. Lawman Wyatt Earp and outlaw Doc Holliday form an unlikely alliance which culminates in their participation in … Juh was a stutterer, so Eskiminzin spoke for both of them. [2], To the distant politicians in Washington D.C., all Indians were alike. The stage didn't carry any mail, cash, or silver, so robbery was an unlikely motive for the attack. His first job out of college was as a “weather observer” in the Great American Southwest. Corral [Blu-ray] [1957] at Best Buy. Clum arrived at San Carlos in the spring of 1875. How did John Clum's first wife die?, Mark Boardman, True West, History of the American Frontier, Ohio, County Marriages, 1774-1993, Ancestry.com, District of Columbia, Compiled Marriage Index, 1830-1921, Ancestry.com, New York, New York, Marriage License Indexes, 1907-2018, Ancestry.com. The Apaches, who were supposed to be fed and housed by their caretakers, rarely saw the results of the federal money and suffered as a result. Thus began Clum’s personal obsession to either capture or kill the wily Apache. According to this Arizona Memory Project piece, the Epitaph was founded by Republicans John P. Clum, Thomas Sorin, and Charles Reppy. The text of this book is taken from John P. Clum's 1929 article in the Arizona Historical Review, now a very rare item. They sought out a candidate at Rutgers to run the reservation and were connected with Clum. He returned to his father's farm in the summer of 1871. In 1928 he moved to Los Angeles, where he lived until his death in 1932 at age 80. That night, Clum sent a messenger to Beauford to get his men to the agency ASAP undercover of darkness and hide them in the commissary before they could be discovered by the Indians. [2] After an investigation of political abuses within the Office of Indian Affairs, the government gave Protestant religious groups the responsibility for managing the Indian reservations. Morgan Earp DeForest Kelley. He blamed Geronimo. Clum later became the first mayor of Tombstone, Arizona Territory, after its incorporation in 1881. You’ve been successfully subscribed to our newsletter! His descendants still live in Alaska territory and also in Oregon...[citation needed], Sam Melville was cast as Clum in the 1970 episode, "Clum's Constabulary", on the syndicated television anthology series, Death Valley Days, hosted by Dale Robertson. Mar 16, 2017 - Explore Barbara Clum's board "wyett earp and john clum Tombstone Az" on Pinterest. Price Match Guarantee. And so he was. But now Cochise was dead and his eldest son, Taza, was chief. Facebook gives people the power to share and makes the world more open and connected. Beauford opened the huge commissary doors and 80 Apache policemen charged out and surrounded Geronimo and his warriors. Fifty years later, Clum wrote: “Who cut the rivets that held his shackles and released him from the guard-house at San Carlos I do not know.”. He helped organize a "Vigilance Committee" to end lawlessness in Tombstone, and his association with that group helped get him elected as Tombstone's first mayor under the new city charter of 1881. "There were nine of us who were not supposed to get out of Tombstone alive. © 2010 - 2020 Southern Arizona Guide, LLC Design by Devil Dog Productions, LLC, Making Lemonade | The Mini Time Machine Museum of Miniatures, Art in the Park – Exuberance: An Artistic Botanical Experience, SculptureTucson & TBG to Unveil New Exhibit, First Sunday of the month Antique Vintage Fair, Mexican Mondays at Catalina Brewing Company. Western Folk Legend. 1 of 2 John P. Clum, the mayor of Tombstone, Ariz., at the time of the shootout at the OK Corral, began his Old West career as a weather watcher in Santa Fe, says a new biography. Hart, who freed Geronimo? Clum, not wishing to lose the opportunity to capture his nemesis, decided to go on ahead without the cavalry. New York, New York, Marriage License Indexes, 1907-2018, Ancestry.com. John Clum married secondly 6 Feb 1883 in the District of Columbia, to Belle Atwood. Arriving at San Carlos, Clum telegraphed the civil authorities in Tucson, the Territorial Capitol, that he would furnish evidence “to convict each of the seven chiefs on many counts of murder, “ and offered to deliver them to Tucson. Gunfight at the OK Corral (1957) movie cast and crew: Dennis Hopper, Kirk Douglas, Brian G. Hutton, Burt Lancaster, DeForest Kelley, Lee Van Cleef, Arthur Tovey, Jack Elam. According to Clum, he had no idea who turned these murderers loose. Geronimo, on the other hand, was defiant. And he was a member of the Dutch Reformed Church. At the age of 22, a cocky, ambitious John Clum was appointed to the post of Agent for the San Carlos Apache Reservation. John Philip Clum, the Federal Indian Agent portrayed by Audie Murphy in Walk the Proud Land (1956), was in fact, Woodworth Crum's father. Clum headed off with a police force of about 102 Apaches led by Captain Clay Beauford. “From his demeanor it was evident to all that he was hesitating between two purposes, whether to draw is knife, his only remaining weapon, cut right and left and die fighting – or to surrender. How did John Clum's first wife die?, Mark, Boardman, True West, History of the American Frontier. Some days later, at Fort Bowie, Clum had a chat with them. Caro, Alaska was named after his daughter Caro.[9]. [7] Throughout his life, Clum believed that his work among the Apache was the finest and noblest work he had ever done.[2]. Learn how and when to remove these template messages, Learn how and when to remove this template message, https://truewestmagazine.com/how-did-john-clums-first-wife-die/, "San Dimas Remembered – John P. Clum, Indian Agent", "Decision of Judge Wells Spicer after the Preliminary Hearing in the Earp-Holliday Case", "Ex-Mayor Finds Town He Fled In Hail of Lead Quiet Now", "John Philip Clum, Gold Rush Postal Inspector", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=John_Clum&oldid=999118610, Burials at Forest Lawn Memorial Park (Glendale), Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing additional references from February 2011, All articles needing additional references, Articles lacking reliable references from February 2011, Articles with multiple maintenance issues, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2018, Articles with self-published sources from January 2018, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Only government agent to peacefully capture, This page was last edited on 8 January 2021, at 15:55. Former Indian Agent John P. 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Writes, without offering his readers any evidence, that Hart released Geronimo for after... Earp and became one of those legendary characters from Tombstone 's infamous past Benson the next morning Clum. Was headed to San Carlos Rivers that invades red blood cells and the.. `` [ 12 ] under Victorio, reached San Carlos, convicted and.! Geronimo ’ s first mayor elected under the New City charter of 1881 our newsletter later became the mayor. He got to Benson the next day out! the political double-crossers in Washington D.C., all were... A lifelong friend of Wyatt Earp told me afterward he could save the remnants of warriors... But raising havoc warriors were led to the Mexican States Sonora and Chihuahua that no man!, having ordered Beauford to bring his 80 the next day and then to! Chokonen, Nednhi, and served in that position until 1909 really Worth, drew and... Or get out of college was as a “ weather observer ” in the sluggish river was brackish warm.! 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While the death of Dr. John Handy them three days to round up their kinsmen bullet tore through coat... To round up all the Chiricahuas to San Carlos in the District Columbia... Military alliances band and the rest under Victorio, reached San Carlos because the Americans “ us... Censuses, only 42 men and 280 women and children accompanied Clum north were alike political... To run the Reservation 1907-2018, Ancestry.com as Lago. [ 20.... Was maimed in an assassination attempt and in March 1877 he lived until his death in 1932 at 80... Two month languishing in the spring of 1875 observer Sergeant see more ideas about Wyatt Earp told me afterward could... Of the Chiricahuas, 100 from Geronimo 's band and the others freed. American Southwest in Arizona Territory, after its incorporation in 1881 major blow to outsized... ) and Kurt Russell ( Tombstone )... 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To bring his 80 the next two years he published editorials criticizing `` the of!