The Challenges Facing Beginning Teachers N ew teachers bring varying backgrounds, motivations, experiences, and preparation levels to their initial teaching experience. says Bailey. Educators to be flexible, but it is strenuous. Despite many positive developments in South Africa (SA), the education system and educational outcome face many challenges and require further improvement. |, Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY), Eregi Teachers Training College, Maragoli, Western, Kenya. SAGE Open 1, 8–10. Within the space of 13 years there has been 4 curriculums(OBE, RNCS, NCS, and currently Caps). Relationship between students’ perspectives on the secondary school English curriculum and their academic achievement in Kenya. Educ. Evidence from literature validates the notion that the teacher is the most critical participant in an educational reform, particularly in one that touches on what goes on in the classrooms (Mundy, 2008). Muchiri, M. N. (2009). Muthwii and Kioko (2004) acknowledge the fact that the pupil/textbook ratio is a significant measure of effective teaching because pupils heavily rely on text books. Teacher Education (2005). The discourse of whole class teaching: a comparative study of Kenyan and Nigerian primary English lessons. The study has revealed that the black South African learners in ex-Model C schools are faced by numerous challenges owing to their limited English proficiency, and that they do not meet the requirements to pass their grades. Glasson, T. (2009). Teaching styles and learners’ achievement in Kiswahili language in secondary schools. Kodero, H. M. N., Misigo, B. L., Owino, E. A., and Simiyu, C. K. (2011). Res. The Challenges Facing the Integration of ICT in Teaching and Learning Activities in South African Rural Secondary Schools Mlunghisi D. Mathevula University of Limpopo Email: mdmlunghisi@gmail.com ... teachers’ training in ICT use on the integration of ICT into the curriculum related activities by teachers. Given that English is either a second or third language to some learners, most of them have difficulties in comprehending its structures. Local teachers in most of the primary schools in Tanzania lack training in special needs education for children with developmental disability. In upper primary, the learners’ only opportunity to use English language is limited to the daily 35-min English lesson (KIE, 2002). Educ., 05 May 2017 Toronto; New York: Canadian Scholars’ Press, Teachers College Press. This report led to the development of the National Policy Framework for Teacher Education and Development which has as its aim to attempt to address the need for suitably qualified educators in South Africa. 4, 2. Challenges of Classroom Management to Effective SocializationThis investigation has found that the beginning English teachers in Pakistani colleges have many challenges related to classroom management, which tend to lead them towards ineffective socialization with the increase in dissatisfaction and poor performance. Finally, in my context, there is a manifestation of the underlying negative and dominant coercive relations of power. Therefore, teaching in South Africa must become a profession of preference and pride as opposed to the present very lackadaisical attitude. It is only when this attitude is changed that substantial learning will take place. Pract. J. Lang. Carlton South, VIC: Curriculum Corporation. implications in the South African context, followed by the opportunities technology offers with specific reference to theological education. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). A case in point is the comprehension passage in the class three English text books which has used the English expressions, “as white as snow.” This expression is difficult for learners to relate to since there is no experience of snow in the Kenyan context. This study looks at the challenges facing educators in implementing the National Curriculum Statement for Further Education and Training (i.e. Problems Created by Overcrowded Classrooms . However, ICT integration in education in South Africa has been severely Ideally, mother tongue ought to be used to reinforce instruction as recommended by the policy (Ministry of Education, 2006). Both teachers and parents perceive all the power to be vested in the school (Ngwaru, 2010). Njogu (2008) points out that most parents from disadvantaged socioeconomic conditions are preoccupied with challenges of trying to make ends meet, leaving too little room for supporting their learners at home. Cummins, C. (2006). This study looks at the challenges facing educators in implementing the National Curriculum Statement for Further Education and Training (i.e. This paper has attempted to illustrate the challenges faced by ESL teachers in my primary school which could be generalized to other East African contexts with similar settings where English is taught as a second or third language. The editor and reviewers' affiliations are the latest provided on their Loop research profiles and may not reflect their situation at the time of review. Although the curriculum is designed to be covered in a year; teachers are under pressure from the district education officers to complete it by the month of May so as to embark on revision. Teaching and learning resources greatly influence standard and quality of education since they affect the teaching and learning process at all levels. c. Unfortunately, this behavior is deeply rooted in the teaching system that teachers seem to be unaware of its impact on teaching and learning process. The National Policy Framework for Teacher Education and Development will be Republic of Kenya Ministry of Education Science and Technology Syllabus. This implies that the learners are basically out of luck because teachers have to use a fast pace to meet the predetermined curricular schedules which eventually impede effective classroom practices. A quantitative research design was used to collect the data randomly from a sample of 100 secondary school teachers in the state of Melaka, Malaysia. There are other prevailing conditions which pose a challenge to the teacher hence impeding learning. analyze teachers’ perceptions of the challenges faced in using ICT tools in classrooms. USA: VDM Verlag Dr. Muller. Adding to this is the minimal parental involvement in children’s learning. The National Curriculum Statement DoE 2004:6) contains policy statements for booklet (learning and teaching. This negative attitude emanates from the fact that learners have limited competence in the language therefore preventing them from actively participating in classroom activities (Usó Juan, 2006). Clevedon, Buffalo: Multilingual Matters. Teachers of other subjects keep changing the language of instruction from English to either Kiswahili or Mother tongue either because they are incompetent in English language or in order to have the learners understand the subject matter. For instance, English language learners in African countries like Nigeria, Ghana, Liberia, Zambia, Malawi, and some other African countries face a lot of challenges because English … Curriculum 2005 provides such challenges. Int. Comparative and International Education: Issues for Teachers. For all official information and updates regarding COVID-19, visit the South African Department of Health's website at www.sacoronavirus.co.za. Whiles phase 1 of the study was to get the challenges faced in the classroom. school English teachers’ perceptions of the challenges and barriers preventing teachers from using ICT in the classroom. Particularly if you are learning English outside of an English-speaking country. This book is about challenges and issues facing the school system of South Africa; specifically the harsh realities facing schools. (2010). (2004). Copyright: © 2017 Anyiendah. Such conflicts reflect the multifaceted issue of learner diversity, encompassing racial, class, gender, religious, linguistic, physical and other differences. Nairobi: Twaweza Communications. Teachers in the South African education system: An economic perspective Paula Louise Armstrong Dissertation presented for the degree Doctor of Philosophy (Economics) in the Faculty of Economic and Management Science at Stellenbosch University Supervisor: Prof Servaas van der Berg [S.l.]. Classroom challenges are one of the adequate problems faced by teachers and a good teacher has the courage to overcome all these challenges bravely.. New Language Bearings in Africa: A Fresh Quest, 1st Edn. Underachievement in reading and writing skills and the implications in promoting life-long learning. Teacher Education and the Challenge of Diversity in South Africa is part of a wider, cross-disciplinary School Integration research project initiated by the Human Sciences Research Council. Ngwaru, J. M. (2010). This volume sets out the challenges facing the education system in South Africa, such as poor school infrastructure, ... Farm Schools in South Africa: issues and challenges. Therefore, in a constrained textbook environment, it is difficult for a teacher to implement effective practices. Conflicts in schools over race, fees or language frequently make headlines in South Africa. South African Schools Keshnee Padayachee University of South Africa, P.O. Educ. An Investigation of the Challenges Affecting Teachers’ Classroom Assessment Practices by Mantsose Jane Sethusha submitted in accordance with the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Education in the subject Curriculum Studies at the University of South Africa Supervisor: Professor MW Lumadi June 2012 “While we are talking of the ratio of 1 is to 35 and 1 is to 41 we are the biggest in terms of class sizes. Usó Juan, E. (2006). J. Acad. Box 392, Pretoria, South Africa ABSTRACT Information Communication Technology (ICT) integration in the classroom is often viewed as a panacea towards resolving South Africa’s education challenges. The salient characteristics of trained ineffective teachers in secondary schools in Kenya. Whiles phase 1 of the study was to get the challenges faced in the classroom. Despite the daily challenges I faced as an English teacher in South Africa, the work was extremely gratifying. Evidence has been collected b. Grades 10 to 12) at one of the high schools in Vhembe District, Limpopo Province, South Africa. Teachers in my context face numerous challenges in and out of the classroom. This include absenteeism from school because of lack of school necessities, taking care of the sibling as parents look for food and even doing petty jobs to supplement on the family income. The pointers below mention the challenges faced by teachers every day in the classroom. However, multigrade teachers, who need to plan and prepare for more than one grade per lesson, face special challenges. In lower primary, there is a mismatch between language policy and the actual practice in my context. The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) or licensor are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. South African teachers are spending a hefty amount of time on administrative tasks – time which could be better used on teaching in the classroom. Thirty high school English teachers (18 male and 12 female) were stratified randomly selected from all the educational districts in the city of Isfahan, Iran, to respond to the questionnaire. Given that language learning requires a lot of exposure as postulated by Cummins (2006), the teacher of English is left with the sole burden of helping learners develop competence in English within a 35-min lesson because the language outside the classroom and at home is majorly Kiswahili in towns and other local languages in rural areas. Ministry of Education. South African teachers are spending a hefty amount of time on administrative tasks – time which could be better used on teaching in the classroom. Papers on Language and Culture: An African Perspective. More importantly, the book focuses on the abnormalities in the education system as well as challenges and issues in the implementation of some of the new policies, and their impact. 'We need to look at creative ways in which teachers can teach effectively in those conditions.' Training duration is too short (3-4 years vs 3 days). The learners’ negative attitude toward English poses a great barrier for effective teaching. The challenges of handling large classes compounded by the acute shortage of teachers puts a strain on the teachers’ ability to provide quality language work to the learners because the teacher–learner ratio is not proportional. The need to handle such differences in equitable ways poses new challenges for teachers and teacher education. Further, these learners are not given ample opportunities to practice the English language in the classroom when learning other subjects because of switching from one language to the other. challenges faced by teachers who teach children with developmental disability and how they try to overcome these challenges. Nairobi: KLB. Abdi, K., and Hardman, F. (2007). Benefits and challenges of lesson study: A case of teaching Physical Sciences in South Africa Ayodele Abosede Ogegbo and Estelle Gaigher Department of Science, Mathematics and Technology Education, Faculty of Education, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa u15310142@tuks.co.za Trisha Salagaram Whereas experienced teachers might bristle at receiving classroom management tips, model lesson plans, and constructive feedback on instruction, new teachers appear to long for such supports. - Often, young students show an ignoring and neglecting behavior as they do not know understand the importance of education. These observations corroborate those of Ngwaru (2010) in a study done in Zimbabwe which pointed out that using an unfamiliar language as a medium of instruction is a major impediment to learning. I saw progress in an eight-year-old boy who, starting with a low grasp of the English alphabet, was reading a short story in English within four weeks. (2013). New teachers bring energy and enthusiasm to their classrooms, but also a specific set of needs. 24, 295–307. In Africa, the introduction of computers into primary and secondary education is a recent phenomenon ... the study was to find out the challenges faced by the institution in teaching ICT. Infrastructure wise, we are still far behind despite the fact that we are one of the luckiest countries in Africa where in the large chunk of the education budget is spent on education.”, Hlanti reacts to last 16 clash with Egypt & criticism, Cape Town City ready for Absa Premiership kick off, Limpopo vigilant as cyclone Eloise lashes Mozambique, Communities in KZN bracing for tropical cyclone Eloise, Mpumalanga disaster management teams on high alert, Cyclone Eloise expected to affect north-eastern parts of KwaZulu-Natal, Cyclone Eloise downgraded to tropical depression, Education Department gazettes new school regulations, Parts of SA bracing for tropical cyclone Eloise, Hawks confident of conviction in Lesedi FM anchor’s case, SABC pays tribute to Kabelo ‘KB’ Molopyane, Department of Education plans to open online schools to reduce pressure on system, Over 880 teachers in Gauteng pulled out of marking matric exams, Three women who passed away from drinking homemade concoction laid to rest, Swimmer Ryan Stramrood nominated for coveted international award, UK detects 77 cases of South African COVID variant, nine of Brazilian, Mthembu’s passing united South Africans in their sorrow: Ramaphosa, EU will make vaccine companies respect supply contracts: Michel, New Zealand probes first ‘probable’ community COVID-19 case in months. This creates anxiety and stalls effective classroom participation (Kodero et al., 2011). (2012). Some of the common classroom challenges faced by teachers include lack of teamwork, minimal personal time, working towards long term goals, arguments and student excuses, etc. doi:10.1177/2158244011434102. Educ. How are teacher … Ngwaru, J. M., and Opoku-Amankwa, K. (2010). Mundy, K. E. (2008). teachers are faced with challenges of overcrowded classrooms which include instructional, management, assessment and discipline problems ... similar challenges of overcrowded classrooms, in particular South Africa to make informed decisions about reform in public secondary schools. The author declares that the research was conducted in the absence of any commercial or financial relationships that could be construed as a potential conflict of interest. Gathumbi, A. A more recent research conducted by Tella et al. This was because the purpose of the study was to find out the approach and the methods of assessment. South African Democratic Teachers Union (Sadtu) says overcrowding in classrooms and a lack of infrastructure at schools are some of the major challenges teachers are facing.. Sadtu says many schools in the country still don’t have toilets, libraries and laboratories. Keywords: challenges, English as a second language, adequate training, innovativeness, teachers in Sub-Saharan context, Citation: Anyiendah MS (2017) Challenges Faced by Teachers When Teaching English in Public Primary Schools in Kenya. doi:10.1080/09500781003678985. approach and the methods of assessment. Other related constrained resources include overcrowded buildings, noisy and unsafe environments, poorly ventilated classrooms, water and sanitation facilities which are neither supportive to the learner nor the teachers thus impeding effective teaching. There are many challenges being a teacher in South Africa today. Primary Education English Handbook. So, teachers who have parallel skills in teaching in the face-to-face classroom are unfortunately crippled in this process of on-going digital shifting. However, their training and innovative skills is a necessary but not sufficient condition for effective learning. This book is about challenges and issues facing the school system of South Africa; specifically the harsh realities facing schools. This comes a day after the release of the Teaching Learning International Survey (Talis) which surveyed 260 000 teachers from across the world on their working conditions and the learning environment. Such uninterested and unmotivated students are a real challenge. Lang. Moreover, the policy demands of inclusive learning poses a challenge in the already swollen classrooms since it compromises individual attention because of the diverse needs of the learners vis-a-vis teachers workload (Glasson, 2009). Author MA is the sole contributor to this work. Grades 10 to 12) at one of the high schools in Vhembe District, Limpopo Province, South Africa. I am going to talk about the experience in a Kenyan primary school where I teach because most of these challenges are contextual. Addressing a Sadtu conference in Kempton Park, Johannesburg, Sadtu president Magope Maphila says the results of the survey have vindicated them. It also exposed that comparatively. The teachers and student teachers indicated specific needs in terms of further training and the content of training. For instance, there are some comprehension passages which use illustrations that learners cannot relate to. I am going to talk about the experience in a Kenyan primary school where I teach because most of these challenges are contextual. The introduction of free primary education witnessed an influx of learners in the primary schools thus increasing the class size (Muchiri, 2009). Beukes (2006) notes the absence of clear guidance for the combination of grades; inconsistent learner attendance; a *Correspondence: Mary Susan Anyiendah, maryanyiendah@yahoo.com, Front. Teaching in an overcrowded classroom can be frustrating, overwhelming and stressful. Chapter explores the challenges faced in the country still don ’ t have toilets, libraries and laboratories even the. Fresh Quest, 1st Edn H. M. N., Misigo, B. L., Owino, E. A. and... And suboptimal annual pass rates in various grades ( grades 7–12 ) styles and ’... Implementing Reading First Initiatives: the real Pedagogical Dilemas Rural children in Zimbabwe the! All the power to be vested in the classroom hard to educate under! Ngwaru, J., Indoshi, F. C., Okwach, T. O., and Othuon, L. a handle... The school ( Ngwaru, J., Indoshi, F. ( 2007 ), Front the work was extremely.. Needs education for children with developmental disability, key among them are textbooks,... 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